The Ministry of Education (MOE) Malaysia has launched a massive development project of building teachers’ quarters across Malaysia back in 2000. The quarters are intended to ease the mobility of teachers to the school grounds, whilst also alleviating the financial burden of the school staffs in finding their accommodations.
More than 109 sites have been identified across Malaysia spanning over seven states, which are Perlis, Penang, Perak, Selangor, Pahang, Sabah and Sarawak that has involved 39 different local authorities in the building and construction approval. As more than 10,000 units were required to be completed within a stipulated time, a quick and reliable construction method has been adopted, known as the Industrialised Building System or IBS.
The modular layout of 93 square metres (1,000 square feet) house has been designed with four units per floor of four to five storeys of apartment blocks. The typical building blocks acted as a catalyst to generate site layout plans that dovetailed to different locations and site conditions, resulting in some interesting layouts.
Modelled after the modern residential design with tropical and postmodernism influences, the apartment blocks were built in a total precast system. The external walls made of the precast concrete panel while the internal floors of the precast beam were put together on the pre-stressed planks. The systems were put together with in situ perimeter columns and structural toppings on the slab. The fastest construction record time achieved from the ground to the fifth-floor roof beam took 38 days only.